THE THIRD HELLENIC - ​ROME

THE REAL ANCIENT CITY OF JERUSALEM AND THE REAL HOLy PEOPLE

Google maps: Waterway connecting the lake with the bay

Google Maps: Image of Voulkaria or Boulkarya. 

Cyclopes were the sons of Poseidon/Lir

In Homer's Odyssey, there is a geographical description of Ithaca and Same:

  • "Now there is a rocky islet called Asteris, of no great size, in mid channel between Ithaca and Same, and there is a harbor on either side of it where a ship can lie, with an entrance on either side. Here then the Achaeans [the suitors] placed themselves in ambush [against Telemakhos]".


There should be at least one rocky island between Ithaca and Same with two harbors.  Same should be located South of Homer's Ithaca where Telemakhos would arrive from South-West Peloponnese. Based on the above information, Wilhelm Dörpfeld in his essay "Alt-Ithaka: Ein Beitrag zur Homer-Frage" proposed that Lefkada is Ithaca and Same is present-day Ithaca.

​It appears that the name of the island Ithaca was intentionally switched to Lefkada in order to conceal the real position of the real Jerusalem and the real story of the Holy People and real Divine Infant.

Wilhelm Dörpfeld's Map showing Nirikos opposite Leukas/Ithaka

Battle Map

Agios Nikolaos

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Peace and Love to All the People of the Earth.
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The illegitimate Semitic Romans under the command of Octavian won the naval engagement at Actium/Ithaca/Lefkada and consequently gained control of all of Hellenic-Rome and Hellenic-Egypt, i.e., the world. 


In 28 BC, three years after Octavian's naval victory of Ithaca/Lefkada/Actium, Octavian founded a new city which he named Nicopolis (the City of Victory).  It's located on the southernmost promontory of Epirus, Hellas/Ellada, and across the mouth of the harbour from Ithaca/Lefkada, and the ancient town of Actium.

A illegitimate Semitic Romans destroyed the ancient port in the ancient harbour of Ithaca/Lefkada.  A Semitic Christian church was built on a very small island in the ancient harbour of Ithaca/Lefkada and it was named Agios Nikolaos. A small town situated at the edge of the bay at the mouth of the now lake Boulkaria is also named Agios Nikolaos.   

In 27 BC, Octavian implemented an Empire-wide administrative reform. The new polis was considered the capital of the territories of southern Epirus including Ambracia, most of Akarnania, and western Aetolia. Many inhabitants of the surrounding areas – Kassopaia, Ambracia, parts of Acarnania (including Leukas (Lefkada), Palairos, Amphilochian Argos, Calydon, and Lysimachia) and western Aetolia – were forced to relocate to the new city. Among other things, it obtained the right to send five representatives to the Amphictyonic Council.  As a city in a senatorial province, Nicopolis began minting its own copper coins (until 268).


Now controlling all of Europe and the East, the Semitic Romans almost erased the true Hellenic history, i.e., the real Holy People's history of Ithaca/lefkada of the Seven Islands of the Blest .  The Semitic Romans then moved the City of Jerusalem from Ithaca/Lefkada, from the Seven Islands of the Blest too the Middle East, and created their own Semitic account of history. 


The Semitic Romans shy away from the facts that they are responsible for the rapes of the Sabine women, the rape of Hellen of Sparta and the rape Io.  They are also responsible for rapes in the distant past.  The rape of the Holy Virgin women is how the Semites came to be. 


The Semitic Romans made up their own History of Rome by claiming that Rome was founded and named after Romulus when in actual fact Rome was named after Roma, the daughter of Telemachus from Ithaca (Lefkada). The first king of Rome was Titus Tatius and not Romulus.  Titus Tatius was also the king of the Sabines.  Titus Tatius and Numa Pompilius, “Sabines,” declared themselves to be a colony of the Lacedaemonians, i.e., Spartans/Hellenes/Argives/Dananns.

The Semites needed a history to explain their origin, so they wrote one.  The Semitic counterfeit history has them as a chosen people.  A people that they say descended from Adam and Eve.  The Adam and Eve narrative is symbolic of sacred geometry. 

The Semites stole the identity of the real Holy People. 


The Semites use sacred symbols to give themselves provenance,  symbols like the hexagram.  The Semites call the hexagram the Star of David.  The hexagram is, in fact, part of Sacred Geometry.  By using symbols of Sacred Geometry, the Semites are claiming that they originated from the Mind of God. 

The Semites also placed a Semite on another sacred symbol, the Cross, and they named him Jesus of Nazareth.  It appears that Jesus of Nazareth is Ceasarion, the child of Cleopatra and Julius Ceaser.  The cross is also part of Sacred Geometry, i.e., Metatron's Cube.

The Semites counterfeited their narrative about the Great Flood giving the survivors of the flood Semitic names like Noah, Shem, Ham, Japheth, Naamah, and Emzara.


The Semites also claiming The Ark of the Covenant is some how connected with them. 
  
The Semites changed the landing place of the ark (ship) from Al-Judi, i.e., Gordiaean Mountain to Mount Ararat.

They fraudulently counterfeited the characters of Moses and King David.  They invented the place they call Isreal which is Rhinocolura.

The Semites then made themselves the Holy People.  The real Holy People are, of course, The Tuath Dé Danann, or Danaans or áes side, Celts, i.e., the Hellenes. the Achaeans, Argives, Panhellenes, Ithacans (Lefkadians), Mycenaeans, Atlanteans, Atlantides, Hesperides, Pleiades, and today are the non-Semitic Irish, the non-Semitic Welsh, the non-Semitic Scots, the non-Semitic Dutch, the non-Semitic, Danes, the non-Semitic Poles, the non-Semitic Germans, the non-Semitic Hellenes, the non-Semitic Swedish, the non-Semitic Spanish, the non-Semitic Portuguese,  the non-Semitic Romanians, etc.  

The Semites have committed the biggest deception and crime known to mankind by writing the books known as the Old and New Testaments.  They have indeed deceived the whole world about where they came from and who they are. 


It's a crime against God.

Map of Ancient Ithaca

Eumaeus (Εὔμαιος) was Odysseus's swineherd and friend.  Odysseus' father Laertes bought him as a slave.  He was brought up with Odysseus and his sister.  Eumaeus meets Odysseus upon his return to Ithaca after fighting in the Trojan War.  

The Odyssey. Page 307 (210). Translation Robert Fagles.

  • Eumaeus - "Come, old soldier, tell me the story of your troubles, tell me truly, too, I'd like to know it well. Who are you? where are you from? your city? your parents? What sought of vessel brought you here? Why did the sailors land you here in Ithaca? Who did they say they are? I hardly think you came this way on foot."


The sentence "I hardly think you came this way on foot" suggests that Ithaca was accessible by foot. 

A stone bridge (Brigid) connecting Lefkada (Ithaca) to the Acarnanian coast has been discovered confirming that Lefkada is in fact Ithaca. 


The sentence "I hardly think you came this way on foot" appears four times in The Odyssey, Translation Robert Fagles. Page 83, (200). Page 307 (210). Page 340 (60). Page 345 (250).

What made Ithaca/Jerusalem unique was a valuable commodity, natural salt.  Ithaca/Jerusalem had natural salt pans.  Salt was highly prized as a vital preservative in the ancient world.  The salt from Ithaca/Jerusalem was of such high quality it became a prized commodity traded throughout the region.  The ancient people of Ithaca/Jerusalem grew rich from this white gold. 


Lefkada (Ithaca) is the only island in the Ionian sea that has salt pans (Alikes).


The salt pans are located at the foot of Koulmos, i.e., Nion/Zion, Jerusalem, karyotes, Lefkada, i.e. Ithaca.


Women from the village Karyotes, i.e. Karya, are known as Caryatids or Karaytides.


When the seawater trapped in the salt pans evaporates the salt remained and after a few days, the Caryatids/Karaytides (Atlantides/Tuatha Dé Danann) collected and carried the salt in copper pans called 'tsetseri' on their heads.  The salt collected from the salt pans was taken to a huge central pile where it was dispatched at the end of August. 


There are six Karyatides of the Erechtheion on the Acropolis at Athens. It's known as the Caryatid Porch.  Caryatids/Karyatides also adorn the Austrian Parliament Building in Vienna. 

The Greek term Karyatides literally means "maidens of Karya", i.e., virgins of Karya.  A Caryatid/Karyatida is also a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on her head.


During the 15th and 17th centuries CE the Franks and Venetians were supplying large quantities of high-quality salt to their respective markets.  The Venetians were also supplying high-quality salt to the north of Italy and to central Europe. 

The etymology of the word Jerusalem comes from Jeru+salem.


  • Etymology 1. Jerusalem, From Late Latin Ierusalem, Hierusalem, from Latin Hierosolyma, from Ancient Greek Ἰερουσαλήμ (Ierousalḗm).
  • The etymology of the word Hierosolyma, Alternative forms:
  1. Hierosolymae (-arum, f) (New Latin)
  2. Hierusalem (Late Latin)
  3. Jerusalem (n, indecl.)
  • The etymology of the word Hierosolyma From the Ancient Greek Ἱεροσόλυμα (Hierosóluma), from the Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‎ (Yerushaláyim) (influenced by Ancient Greek ἱερός (hierós, “sacred, holy”)).
  • The etymology of the word salem used to for the word jeru+salem. Latin Noun salem
  • accusative singular of sāl.
  • The etymology of the word sal. Portuguese, From Old Portuguese sal, from Latin sāl, salem (“salt, wit”), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂l- (“salt”).
  1. salt. Noun sal m (plural sais).
  2. salt (sodium chloride, a substance used as a condiment and preservative). Synonym: graça.
  • The etymology of graça, Portuguese, Noun, graça f (plural graças)
  • grace (divine assistance).



A very large ancient theater has been discovered in Lefkada, i.e., Ithaca.

The theater has a seating capacity of more than 15,000 and is unique to the Ionian islands.

Test sections were cut in the area in late 2015, specifically on the northeast slope of the hill (Koulmos/Nion/Jerusalem/karyotes =/Karya) which forms a downward amphitheatrical hollow, ending in a long, flat section.

Strangely enough, the existence of this very large ancient theater is also not mentioned by ancient sources. 

In the early 20th century, an excavation under the direction of German archaeologist E.Kruger lasting several days recorded signs of the ancient theater but the discovery was not made public.

My family who owns the land surrounding the ancient theatre and ancient cyclopean wall knew of their existence for many generations.

The real ancient City of Jerusalem on Lefkada, i.e., ancient Ithaca is very old and very large and predates the fraudulent Jerusalem in the Middle East.  It had an estimated population of more than 50,000 inhabitants. 


It appears that the city Jerusalem in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea is fraudulent.


ANAX KOPSIDAS is proposing to restore the real City of Jerusalem in present day Lefkada, which is ancient Ithaca. 


The Atlantides (Tuatha Dé Danan) are the descendants of Atlas (Bodb Derg-Bodb Sída ar Femen ('of the Mound on Femen')). They are also known as the Pleiades, Hesperides, caryatid, Karyatis, and Karyatides. 

An atlas is a male version of a caryatid/Karyatida.   Karya is the female version of Atlantis.


The Atlantides/Hesperides/Karyatides were the protectors of the Seven Isles of the Blest which contained the Gardens of Atlas.  The real holy people are the non-Semitic people of the Ionian islands. 

The Seven Isles of the Blest are; Lefkada (i.e., Ithaca), Corfu, Kefalonia, Zakynthos, Ithaca (i.e., Same), Paxos, and Cythera.

The Gardens of Atlas are located on the island of Lefkada, i.e., Ithaca on the Hill of Nion.


The Septinsular Republic was an island republic that existed from 1800 to 1807 under nominal Russian and Ottoman sovereignty in the Ionian Islands.

The seven islands constituting the Republic were:


  1. Corfu
  2. Paxi (Paxos)
  3. Lefkada (Leucada/Santa Maura. i.e., Ithaca)
  4. Cefalonia
  5. Ithaca, i.e., Same
  6. Zakynthos (Zante)
  7. Kythira (Cythera/Cerigo)


The etymology of the word Septinsular, Sept+insular.


  • Etymology 1. Sept, English, A corruption of sect, influenced by Latin saeptum (“fence, enclosure”). 
  • Noun sept (plural septs)

  1. A clan, tribe, or family, proceeding from a common progenitor (used especially of the ancient clans in Ireland).
  2. An enclosure; a railing.
  • Etymology 2. French, From Middle French sept, from Old French set, from Latin septem (“seven”), from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥. 
  • Numeral, sept

  1. seven
  • Etymology 3. Middle French, From Old French set. 
  • The etymology of the word set, See also: Set.
  • Etymology 1. Set, English, Alternative forms

  1. Seth
  2. Sutekh
  • Borrowed from Coptic ⲥⲏⲧ (sēt), from Egyptian stẖ, 
  • Proper noun, Set

  1. (Egyptian mythology) An ancient Egyptian god, variously described as the god of chaos, the god of thunder and storms, or the god of destruction.
  • Etymology 1. Set, Ewe, Proper noun, Set

  1. (biblical) Seth
  • Etymology 3. set, English, From Middle English setten, from Old English settan, from Proto-Germanic *satjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sodéyeti, causative of *sed- (“to sit”). 
  • Etymology 4. set, (masonry) To lower into place and fix solidly, as the blocks of cut stone in a structure.
  • Derived terms: moonset.
  • moonset, the setting of the moon below the horizon. 
  • sunset, the time of day when the sun disappears below the western horizon. 
  • Etymology 5. set, From Middle English set, sete, sette (“that which is set, the act of setting, seat”), from Old English set (“setting, seat, a place where people remain, habitation, camp, entrenchment, a place where animals are kept, stall, fold”) and Old English seten (“a set, shoot, slip, branch; a nursery, plantation; that which is planted or set; a cultivated place; planting, cultivation; a setting, putting; a stopping; occupied land”), related to Old English settan (“to set”). Compare Middle Low German gesette (“a set, suite”), Old English gesetl (“assembly”). According to Skeat, in senses denoting a group of things or persons, representing an alteration of sept, from Old French sette (“a religious sect”), from Medieval Latin secta (“retinue”), from Latin secta (“a faction”). See sect. It is quite possible that the modern word is more of a merger between both, however. 
  • Noun, set (plural sets)

  1. A young plant fit for setting out; a slip; shoot.
  2. A rudimentary fruit.
  3. The setting of the sun or other luminary; (by extension) the close of the day. 
  • Synonyms:
  1. (close of the day): dusk, eve, evening, sundown, sunset
  2. (general movement): direction, drift, heading, motion, movement, path, tendency, trend
  3. (three of a kind): three of a kind.
  • Hypernyms: bag. 
  • Etymology 6. set, Afrikaans, Noun, set (plural [please provide])

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter Z/z.
  • Etymology 7. set, Catalan, From Old Occitan, from Latin septem (“seven”), from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥. Numeral, set m, f

  1. (cardinal) seven
  • Noun, set m (plural sets)

  1. seven
  • Etymology 2. Sept. English, Proper noun, Sept.

  1. Abbreviation of September.
  2. Abbreviation of Septuagint.
  • September, From Middle English, from late Old English, from Old French septembre, Latin september (“seventh month”), from septem (“seven”), from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥ (“seven”); September was the seventh month in the Roman calendar. 
  • Proper noun, September (plural Septembers) The ninth month of the Gregorian calendar, following August and preceding October. Abbreviations: Sep or Sep., Sept or Sept.
  • The etymology of the word Septinsular, Sept+insular.
  • Etymology 1. insular, English, Borrowed from Latin insularis (“of or belonging to an island”), from insula (“an island”), perhaps, from in (“in”) + salum (“the main sea”). 
  • The etymology of the word salum, Latin, Derived from sal (“salt”). 
  • Noun, salum n (genitive salī); second declension

  1. the (open or high) sea, main, deep, ocean
  2. the sea in motion; waves, billow
  3. (figuratively) the colour of the sea
  4. (figuratively) sea of thought, anxiety, agitation or trouble
  5. (figuratively, of a river) stream, current
  • Noun, nsular (plural insulars)

  1. An islander. 
  • Etymology 2. insular, Catalan, Borrowed from Latin īnsulāris. Related terms: illa.


​Hesperides are the nymphs of the evening and golden light of sunsets, who were the "Daughters of the Evening" or "Nymphs of the West." They were also called the Atlantides (Ἀτλαντίδων) from their father, Atlas.

The name means originating from Hesperos (evening). Hesperos, or Vesper in Latin, is the origin of the name Hesperus, the evening star (i.e., the planet Venus) as well as having a shared root with the English word "west."

The etymology of the word Hesperides, Hesper+ides.


  • The etymology of the word Hesper, English, Proper noun, Hesper

  1. Hesperus, the evening star
  • Anagrams: -sphere, herpes, pesher, pheers, sphere.
  • The etymology of the word pesher, English, From Hebrew פֵּשֶׁר‎ (pēšer, “interpretation, solution”). Popularized after the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947. 
  • Noun, pesher (plural pesharim or peshers)

  1. An interpretive commentary on scripture, especially one in Hebrew. 
  • The etymology of evening star, English, From evening + star. Cf. Old English ǣfensteorra. 
  • Noun, evening star (plural evening stars)

  1. (astronomy, with definite article) The planet Venus as seen in the western sky in the evening.
  2. The evening star is the morning star. (Hesperus is Phosphorus.)
  3. (with indefinite article) Any star seen in the evening, especially the planets Mercury and Jupiter.
  4. An evening primros
  • Synonyms:

  1. (planet Venus): Hesperus
  2. (planet Mercury): Hermes 

  • Antonyms:

  1. (planet Venus): morning star, Phosphorus
  2. (planet Mercury): morning star, Apollo
  • Anagrams: Gravenstein.
  • The etymology of the word Gravenstein. English, Named after a place in Schleswig, Germany. Noun, Gravenstein (plural Gravensteins)

  1. A variety of autumn apple with deep red or orange streaks.
  • The etymology of the word Phosphorus, English, From Latinised Greek Phosphorus, from Ancient Greek Φωσφόρος (Phōsphóros, “the bearer of light”), from φῶς (phôs, “light”) + φέρω (phérō, “I bear, carry”). 
  • Proper noun, Phosphorus (Phosp+horus). 

  1. A name sometimes used for Hesperus, the personification in Greek mythology of the planet Venus. Synonym: Hesperus
  2. An Ancient Greek name for the morning star (the planet Venus when it is visible in the eastern sky before sunrise).
  • Synonyms: morning star, Eosphorus, Lucifer
  • Antonyms: evening star, Hesperus.
  • The etymology of the word Venus, Translingual, Latin, after Venus (“goddess of beauty, love, sexual intercourse”).
  • Proper noun, Venus f

  1. A taxonomic genus within the family Veneridae – the true venus clams.
  • Hypernyms: (genus): Eukaryota/Eukarya - superkingdom; Animalia - kingdom; Bilateria - subkingdom; Protostomia - infrakingdom; Spiralia - superphylum; Mollusca - phylum; Bivalvia - class; Autobranchia - subclass; Heteroconchia - superorder; Veneroida - order; Veneroidea - superfamily; Veneridae - family.
  • Proper noun, Venus

  1. The second planet in our solar system, named for the goddess; represented in astronomy and astrology by ♀.
  2. (Roman mythology) The goddess of love, beauty, and natural productivity; the Roman counterpart of Aphrodite.
  3. A female given name
  4. (obsolete) Sexual activity or intercourse; sex, lust, venery.
  5. (poetry) Love; sex.


The etymology of the word ides used to form the word Hesper+ides.


  • The etymology of the word ides, From Anglo-Norman and French ides, from Latin īdūs, a fourth-declension pluralia tantum, from the Latin practice of treating most recurring calendrical days as plurals. The Latin term is cognate with Oscan eiduis, both perhaps deriving from an unknown Etruscan term. Middle English and Old French also used the singular form ide. 
  • Alternative forms: Id., Ides
  • Noun, ides (plural ides)

  1. (historical, often capitalized) The notional full-moon day of a Roman month, occurring on the 15th day of the four original 31-day months (March, May, Quintilis or July, and October) and on the 13th day of all other months.
  • Anagrams: -side, Desi, Dies, Eids, IEDs, SEID, Side, deis, desi, dies, eids, side, sied.
  • The etymology of the word side, English, From Middle English side, from Old English sīde (“side, flank”), from Proto-Germanic *sīdǭ (“side, flank, edge, shore”), from Proto-Indo-European *sēy- (“to send, throw, drop, sow, deposit”). Cognate with West Frisian side (“side”), Dutch zijde, zij (“side”), German Seite (“side”), Danish and Norwegian side (“side”), Swedish sida (“side”). 
  • Noun, side (plural sides)

  1. A bounding straight edge of a two-dimensional shape. A square has four sides.
  2. A flat surface of a three-dimensional object; a face. Geometry. Sacred Geometry. A cube has six sides.
  • Etymology 2. side, Middle Irish, From Old Irish síd, from Proto-Celtic *sedos, *sīdos (“mound (inhabited by fairies)”), from Proto-Indo-European *sēds, *sed- (“seat”). 
  • Noun, side 

  1. fairy hill or mound.
  • The etymology of the word kop, English, Afrikaans, Noun, kop (plural kops)

  1. (South Africa) A hill or mountain.
  • Derived terms: áes side (“people of the fairy mounds, supernatural beings, fairies”).
  • The áes side are later, literary versions of the Tuatha Dé Danann ("People of the Goddess Danu").
  • Etymology 3. side, Old English, From the adjective sīd. Adverb, sīde
  1. widely.


The Battle for the World

Actium or Aktion (Akt+io) was an ancient town on a promontory in ancient Acarnania at the entrance of the Ambraciot Gulf of which the Semites lead by the Semitic Augustus gained his famous victory over Antony and Cleopatra, on September 2, 31 BCE.  mark Antony was a Semite.


The etymology of the word Akt used to form the word Akt+io.


Etymology 1. Akt, Luxembourgish, From Latin actus. Noun, Akt m (plural Akten)


  1. act, action, deed
  2. certificate, document, contract


The etymology of the word io used to form the word Akt+io.


  • Etymology 1. Io, English, Modern Latin, from Ancient Greek ἰώ (iṓ, “Io”). Proper noun Io.
  1. Io, a priestess of the Goddess Hera,  Having thus settled in Egypt, Io made a statue of Demeter (Brigid/Danu), and this goddess was then called Isis.


(for a complete etymology of the word Akt+io see the Kopsidas page)

The Battle of Actium was, in fact, the Battle for the World.  It was the battle for Karya, Jerusalem on Ithaca (Lefkada), and all the Seven Islands of the Blest and the Gardens of Atlas.  The Seven Islands of the Blest are also known as the Seven Holy islands of the non-Semitic Holy People.  The Holy People are the Tuatha Dé Danann or Danaans, Achaeans, Argives, Panhellenes, Ithacans (Lefkadians), Mycenaeans, Atlantides, Celts, and also known as the non-Semitic Romans, non-Semitic Irish, Scots, Welsh, Dutch, German, Danes, etc.

The victors of this battle would have a profound effect on world history, religion, and the Word, i.e., Logos..


Cleopatra defended Karya, Jerusalem (Ithaca), the non-Semitic Holy People of the Seven Islands of the Blest by mooring her naval fleet in the port Boulkaria/Boulkarya.


Cleopatra VII Philopator was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt.  As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, Cleopatra was a descendant of its founder Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian/Hellenic general and companion of Alexander the Great.  

Argos is traditionally considered to be the origins of the ancient Macedonian royal Hellenic house of the Argead dynasty (Hellenic: Ἀργεάδαι, Argeádai). The most celebrated members were Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great.

The Argives were also from Ithaca (Lefkada, i.e., the Seven Islands of the Blest).

Part of the Cyclopean wall of the real Jerusalem on Mount Nion (Lefkada/Ithaca)

Using Google Earth one is able to locate the two harbors mentioned by Homer on the island Arkoudi which is the island Asteris.

Nikopolis

The etymology of the word Voulkarya.  The Greek B has an English V sound.  Voulkarya becomes Boulkaria.  Karia is also spelled Karya.


Boul+karya (For the complete etymology of the word Karya and Karia see the Kopsidas page).


  • Etymology 1. boul, French, Noun, boul m (plural bouls)

  1. Abbreviation of boulevard. Alternative form of boul.
  • The etymology of the word boulevard, English, From French boulevard, from Middle French boulevard, from Old French bollevart (“promenade, avenue, rampart”), from German Bollwerk or Middle Dutch bolwerk (“bulwark, bastion”). Doublet of bulwark; more at bole, work. 
  • The etymology of the word bastion, English, First attested in 1562. From French bastion, from Old French bastille (“fortress”). 
  • Noun, bastion (plural bastions)

  1. A projecting part of a rampart or other fortification. 
  2. A well-fortified position; a stronghold or citadel.
  3. (figuratively) A person, group, or thing, that strongly defends some principle.
  • Etymology 2. boulevard, French, Middle French bolevard, from German Bollwerk or Middle Dutch bolwerc (“bulwark, bastion”). 
  • Noun, boulevard m (plural boulevards)

  1. causeway
  2. boulevard
  • Derived terms: (abbreviation): (Europe): bd, Bd, bld, brd, bvd; (Québec): boul., boul.
  • Etymology 2. boul, Old French, From Vulgar Latin *betullum, *betūle, *betūlus, from Latin betulla, diminutive of Gaulish *betua, from Proto-Celtic *betwiyos, *betuyā (“birch”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷet-. 
  • Noun, boul m (oblique plural bous or box or bouls, nominative singular bous or box or bouls, nominative plural boul)
  1. birch (tree)


The etymology of the word ini used to form the word Salt+ini. (The etymology of Salt is Jerusalem see above)


  • Etymology 1. ini, Pitjantjatjarai, Noun, ini
  1. name
  2. word (especially a word written down)
  • Etymology 2. ini, Zazaki, Noun, ini (c)
  1. this
  2. fountain
  • Etymology 3. ini, Kou, Noun, ini
  1. (Asas) louse
  • The etymology of the word louse, English, Rhymes: -aʊs/aos, Anagram: soule.
  • The etymology of the word soule, English, Noun, soule (plural soules)
  1. Obsolete spelling of soul.
  • The etymology of the word aos, Irish, From Old Irish áes2. Noun, aos m (genitive singular aosa)
  1. people, folk. (The Tuath Dé Danann)

A large and very ancient town was built on the Ionion/Ionian island Ithaca by Druidic/Celtic priests, and the priestesses of Danu (The áes side, i.e., "The Holy People" or "tribe of the gods").  They had migrated to Ithaca from islands in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland known as Ethica and Iona.  The ancient town they built on the island Ithaca (Lefkada) was called Karya/Karoytes and the sanctuary was called Jerusalem.  The priests and priestesses who built the town came forth from Tír na nÓg, i.e., Atlantis, after the Great Flood around 12,000 years ago.  We are known as The Tuath(a) Dé Danann.  Tuatha Dé Danann or simply the Danaans constitute one of the collective names for the Hellenes.  Tuatha Dé Danann or Danaans or áes side were also known as the Achaeans, Argives, Panhellenes, Ithacans (Lefkadians), Mycenaeans, Atlanteans and Atlantides.  All of the aforementioned terms were used synonymously to denote a common non-Semitic civilizational identity.


Atlantis and Tír na nÓg are two names for the same place.


The Hellenic name of the country Hellas is Ellada.  Ellada was named after the Formerian King Elatha/Elada, i.e., Ellada.  Elatha/Elada is  a moon god but can also be a sun and earth god. 


The Formerians are sometimes said to have had the body of a man and the head of a goat


After the Great Flood, around 12,000 years ago, the famous ark rested on the mountain Al-Judi, i.e., Gordiaean Mountain. At the foot of the mountain, there was a village called Karya Thaminin, i.e. the Village (Karya) of the Eighty (Thaminin)- Eighty (Thaminin) that being the number (and not eight) saved from the flood.  


The etymology of the word Karya, Kar+ya. (for the full etymology of the word karya see the Kopsidas page)


  • Etymology 1 kar, Swedish, Anagram, ark. 


The Tuath Dé Danann/Atlantides founded the village Karya at the foot of the mountain Al-Judi, i.e., Gordiaean Mountain after the Great Flood, around 12,000 years ago.

The village Karya on the mountain Al-Judi, i.e., Gordiaean Mountain (land of Corduene (Kar-d) is the place of having once been the stepping-stone between the old world and the new, i.e., the pre-flood and post-flood age of a non-Semitic people and their civilization.


Ethica is the most westerly island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.  Coordinates   56.5°N 6.88°W. 


Iona is a small island also located in the Inner Hebrides, off the Ross of Mull on the western coast of Scotland. Coordinates   56.33°N 6.42°W. 


Ithaca is an island located in the Ionian Sea and was connected to the Acarnanian coast by a stone bridge (Brigid) making the island accessible by foot.  Coordinates: 38°43′N 20°39′E. 


The Ionion (Io+nion) Sea was named after the priestess Io who came from the island Iona (Io-na), the small island located in the Inner Hebrides. 


The etymology of the word nion used to form the word Io+nion.


  • Etymology 1. Nion, San Pedro Amuzgos Amuzgo, Borrowed from Spanish niño (“child”). Proper noun, Nion
  1. Christ Child
  • The etymology of the word Christ Child, English, Proper noun, Christ Child
  1. Alternative spelling of Christ child.
  • The etymology of the word Christ child, English, Proper noun, the Christ child
  1. (Christianity) the child Jesus

Synonyms:

  1. Baby Jesus
  2. Child Jesus
  3. Divine Infant
  4. Holy Child
  5. Infant Jesus


Today the Ethica that is located in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland is known as Tiree.  The Island Ithaca in the Ionian Sea is known as Lefkada.  The Island of Ithaca in the Ionian Sea derives its name from Ethica, the island located in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. 

Anna Komnene, 1 December 1083 – 1153) was a Byzantine princess, scholar, physician, hospital administrator, historian, and her uncle was George Palaiologos who fought against the Normans (Viking/Semites) in the Battle of Dyrrhachium, near present-day Durrës (Albania) in the ancient region of Illyria.  She was the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and his wife, Irene Doukaina.  The Alexiad was an account of her father's reign. 


Anna Comnene refers to Jerusalem in her work "The Alexiad."

The Alexiad/Book VI. Chapter VI. Translation by Dawes.


  • As for Robert (for my tale must return to the point where it digressed and be kept within the bounds of historical narration) he did not rest even after this defeat. But as he had already sent one ship with his son to Cephalenia as he wished to take possession of the town on it, he brought his remaining ships, with the whole army, to anchor near Bonitza and himself sailed for Cephalenia in a galley with one bank of oars. And before he could join his son and the rest of his forces, whilst he was lingering near Ather (which is a promontory of Cephalenia) he was seized with a violent fever. As he could not bear the burning of the fever, he asked for cold water. His men dispersed in various directions to seek water when a native said to them, "You see the island there, Ithaca. On that a large town was built long ago called Jerusalem, and now it has fallen into ruins from age; in that town there was a spring whose water was always fit for drinking and very cold." Robert was overcome with fear on hearing this for by connecting Ather and the town of Jerusalem he understood that his death was imminent.


The ancient ruins known as Nirikos on Lefkada, i.e., Ithaca, is the ancient City of Jerusalem.   

The mountain/hill where ancient Jerusalem was built was known as Nion, and today it's known as Koulmos.  There is a village on the hill Nion which is called Karyotes (Karya).  The village was also called Karyotes (Karya) in anceint times. 


Caryatid or Karyatid is the female aspect of Atlas.  The island of Atlantis was named after Atlas the son of Poseidon. The domain Karya is the female version of the domain Atlantis.


The spring whose water is always fit for drinking and very cold still runs to this very day on Koulmos, i.e., Nion.


The village Karyotes (Karya) is situated at the foot of the hill Koulmos, i.e., ancient Nion. Karyotes is also spelled Kariotes, Kar+io+tes.


Karyotes/Kariotes means one who originated from Karya.


Eukaryotes (eu+karyotes) are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes (wall), unlike prokaryotes (Bacteria and Archaea), which have no membrane-bound organelles. Eukaryotes belong to the domain Eukaryota or Eukarya.


The etymology of the word 'eu' used to form the word eu+karyotes.


Etymology 1. eu, Aromanian, Pronoun eu


  1. Alternative form of io


The etymology of the word io.


Etymology 1. Io, English, Modern Latin, from Ancient Greek ἰώ (iṓ, “Io”). Proper noun Io


  1. Io, a priestess of the Goddess Hera,  Having thus settled in Egypt, Io made a statue of Demeter (Brigid/Danu), and this goddess was then called Isis.
  • Etymology 2. Io, Translingual, Proper noun Io 
  1. A taxonomic genus within the family Pleuroceridae – only one species Io fluvialis (spiny river snail).
  2. A taxonomic genus within the family Saturniidae – now genus Adetomeris, of moths.
  • Hypernyms:  (genus of snail): Eukaryota - superkingdom; Animalia - kingdom; Bilateria - subkingdom; Protostomia - infrakingdom; Spiralia - superphylum; Mollusca - phylum; Gastropoda - class; Caenogastropoda - subclass; Sorbeoconcha - order; Cerithiimorpha - suborder; Cerithioidea - superfamily; Pleuroceridae - family.
  • The etymology of the word Eukaryota, Translingual, Ancient Greek ἐΰς (eǘs, “true”) + κάρυον (káruon, “nut”) Proper noun Eukaryota. Eukarya also means walnut.

  1. A taxonomic superkingdom or domain, consisting of all organisms whose cells have a nucleus
  • Synonyms: (superkingdom or domain): Eukarya (eu+karya). 


The Odyssey. Page 110. Translation Robert Fagles.


  • Telemachus.:; "Nestor, son of Neleus Achaea's pride and joy --where are we from, you ask? I will tell you all. We hail from Ithaca, under the heights of Nion.


The letter (N) becomes the leter (Z) when flipped sideways. 


Nion becomes Zion.


The German archaeologist Wilhelm Dörpfeld, having performed excavations suggested that Lefkada was Homer's Ithaca.  Dorpfeld claimed that "Nirikos " was the part of the Acarnanian coast near the village of Plagia, which is opposite Lefkada, i.e., Ithaca.  He believed that the nearby island of Lefkada was Homer's Ithaca, whereas the island Same is the present-day Ithaca.


Part of the ancient Cyclopean wall on top of the hill Koulmos/Nion/Jerusalem is still in tact.  The Cyclopean masonry was built long before the Trojan war and the false Jerusalem in the Middle East.  These very large walls are unique to the Ionion islands and there is no mention of them by any ancient sources.